Latvia is a member of the Russian Federation in the East and Belarus in the South, Lithuania in the South, Estonia in the north. [23] Latvians and Livonians are the indigenous people of Latvia. [208], During July 2014, Riga hosted the 8th World Choir Games as it played host to over 27,000 choristers representing over 450 choirs and over 70 countries. [100] In 2016 Latvia used 6.4 global hectares of biocapacity per person - their ecological footprint of consumption. 20 Best Where is Latvia located iOS Apps. Latvia borders Estonia in the north, Russia in the east, Belarus in the southeast and Lithuania in the south. Enter height or width below and click on 'Submit' Latvia maps. The growth momentum has continued into 2012 and 2013 despite deteriorating external conditions, and the economy is expected to expand by 4.1 percent in 2014. [citation needed], Riga International Airport is the busiest airport in the Baltic states with 7.8 million passengers in 2019. [37] Riga became an important point of east–west trading[37] and formed close cultural links with Western Europe. / Where is Latvia Located in The World? Latvia borders Estonia, Russia, Belarus and Lithuania. Welcome! In 2010 Latvia launched a Residence by Investment program (Golden Visa) in order to attract foreign investors and make local economy benefit from it. [197] The greatest number of patents, both nationwide and abroad, are in medical chemistry. There are 37 foreign embassies and 11 international organisations in Latvia's capital Riga. [87][88][89], Coastal regions, especially the western coast of the Courland Peninsula, possess a more maritime climate with cooler summers and milder winters, while eastern parts exhibit a more continental climate with warmer summers and harsher winters. Sorrel soup (skābeņu zupa) is also consumed by Latvians. Botswana Map. [citation needed] Putin has always done what others would never expect. ["'The good Swedish times' in Latvian historiography: from the late 18th century to the 1970s"], CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (. [176] The best known roads are A1 (European route E67), connecting Warsaw and Tallinn, as well as European route E22, connecting Ventspils and Terehova. The latitude of Riga, Latvia is 56.946285, and the longitude is 24.105078.Riga, Latvia is located at Latvia country in the Cities place category with the gps coordinates of 56° 56' 46.6260'' N and 24° 6' 18.2808'' E. [181], As of March 2011, Latvians form about 62.1% of the population, while 26.9% are Russians, Belarusians 3.3%, Ukrainians 2.2%, Poles 2.2%, Lithuanians 1.2%, Jews 0.3%, Romani people 0.3%, Germans 0.1%, Estonians 0.1% and others 1.3%. [179] The life expectancy in 2013 was estimated at 73.19 years (68.13 years male, 78.53 years female). Description: This map shows where Latvia is located on the World map. In 2017, Latvian tennis player Jeļena Ostapenko won the 2017 French Open Women's singles title being the first unseeded player to do so in the open era. Most transit traffic uses these and half the cargo is crude oil and oil products. Another notable language of Latvia is the nearly extinct Livonian language of the Finnic branch of the Uralic language family, which enjoys protection by law; Latgalian – as a dialect of Latvian is also protected by Latvian law but as a historical variation of the Latvian language. Latgalia, the easternmost region of Latvia, became a part of the Inflanty Voivodeship of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. About Riga. By 29 June Riga was reached and with Soviet troops killed, captured or retreating, Latvia was left under the control of German forces by early July. [70] An extensive program to impose bilingualism was initiated in Latvia, limiting the use of Latvian language in official uses in favor of using Russian as the main language. The private sector accounted for nearly 68% of the country's GDP in 2000. Latvia, a Baltic state in Europe lies along the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea and covers an area of 4,589 sq. The map center team plus provides the additional pictures of Where is Latvia On A Map Of Europe in high Definition and Best tone that can be downloaded by click on the gallery under the Where is Latvia On A Map Of Europe picture. A law expanding the scope for selling land, including to foreigners, was passed in 1997. They are located in the northeast of Europe. It was the location where Latvians first moved from villages into towns, asserting their culture. Former Latvian basketball club Rīgas ASK won the Euroleague tournament three times in a row before becoming defunct. Switch to satellite or physical maps and explore the terrain at high resolution. [97] Nationally protected areas account for 12,790 km2 (4,940 sq mi) or around 20% of Latvia's total land area. Denmark is located in North Europe and consists of the greater part of the Jutland Peninsula as well as a number of islands in the Atlantic Ocean, Baltic Sea and North Sea such as Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Baltic States are three countries west of European Russia, south of the Gulf of Finland, and north of Poland and Belarus. A sheltered natural harbour 15 km (9.3 mi) upriver from the mouth of the Daugava — the site of today's Riga — has been recorded, as Duna Urbs, as early as the 2nd century. Latvia had its own film industry and musical records factory (LPs). [citation needed] To maintain and expand industrial production, skilled workers were migrating from all over the Soviet Union, decreasing the proportion of ethnic Latvians in the republic. Places nearby are Zelmeņi, Jaunpils and Jelgava. [149] Per capita, Latvia is one of the largest contributors to international military operations. Hover to zoom map. Full size. It is bordered by Estonia, Belarus, Lithuania, and Russia. where-is-latvia-located Next → You May Also Like. Latvia2532 x 1936 - 413.74k - png. There are four historical and cultural regions in Latvia – Courland, Latgale, Vidzeme, Zemgale, which are recognised in Constitution of Latvia. [68] This operation had the desired effect of reducing the anti Soviet partisan activity. Click on the Location Map of Latvia to view it full screen. [192], The country's Orthodox Christians belong to the Latvian Orthodox Church, a semi-autonomous body within the Russian Orthodox Church. [15][16][17] Since Latvia's independence in 1918, it has been referred to as one of the Baltic states. Latvia, in long form the Republic of Latvia, in Latvian Latvija and Latvijas Republika, is a northern European country and member of the European Union. [154] In November 2012, the three countries agreed to create a joint military staff in 2013. As of 2014[update] there were 109 schools for minorities that use Russian as the language of instruction (27% of all students) for 40% of subjects (the remaining 60% of subjects are taught in Latvian). Get directions, maps, and traffic for Riga, Riga. [56]:78–96 The occupation was followed immediately by SS Einsatzgruppen troops who were to act in accordance with the Nazi Generalplan Ost which required the population of Latvia to be cut by 50 percent. Where is Latvia located on the World map? [citation needed] Thus, the mostly peasant local pagan heritage was preserved, partly merging with Christian traditions. The blank outline map is of Latvia, a country located in Europe along the easter shores of the Baltic Sea. Latvia is one of the three Baltic States, along with Lithuania and Estonia. Innovation and rising productivity led to rapid growth of the economy, but it soon suffered from the effects of the Great Depression. [56]:271, More than 200,000 Latvian citizens died during World War II, including approximately 75,000 Latvian Jews murdered during the Nazi occupation. Latvia has ratified the international Washington, Bern, and Ramsare conventions. [58] The racially approved being resettled mainly in Poland, being given land and businesses in exchange for the money they had received from the sale of their previous assets.[56]:46. The country might be small, but the amount of … Latvian armed forces have contributed to NATO and EU military operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1996–2009), Albania (1999), Kosovo (2000–2009), Macedonia (2003), Iraq (2005–2006), Afghanistan (since 2003), Somalia (since 2011) and Mali (since 2013). The closest major cities include Kaunas, Vilnius, Tallinn and Kaliningrad. [39] The first German settlers were knights from northern Germany and citizens of northern German towns who brought their Low German language to the region, which shaped many loanwords in the Latvian language. Latvia is in the eastern and northern hemisphere. Latvia lies along the shores of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Riga, and it is bounded by Estonia to the north, Russia to the east, Belarus to the southeast, and Lithuania to the south. [21] It ended with the Declaration on the Restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia on 4 May 1990 and restoring de facto independence on 21 August 1991. [215] Dinamo Riga is the country's strongest hockey club, playing in the Kontinental Hockey League. Where Is Botswana Located? Rural areas were forced into collectivization. [108], Latvia's foreign policy priorities include co-operation in the Baltic Sea region, European integration, active involvement in international organisations, contribution to European and transatlantic security and defence structures, participation in international civilian and military peacekeeping operations, and development co-operation, particularly the strengthening of stability and democracy in the EU's Eastern Partnership countries. The total fertility rate (TFR) in 2018 was estimated at 1.61 children born/woman, which is lower than the replacement rate of 2.1. Selonia, a part of Zemgale, is sometimes considered culturally distinct region, but it is not part of any formal division. [174] However, Rail Baltica railway, linking Helsinki-Tallinn-Riga-Kaunas-Warsaw is under construction and is set to be completed in 2026. By geographical size, Latvia is the 122nd largest country by landmass, with just less than 25,000 square feet of land. [78], However, the central power in Moscow continued to regard Latvia as a Soviet republic in 1990 and 1991. [citation needed], A freely elected Constituent assembly convened on 1 May 1920, and adopted a liberal constitution, the Satversme, in February 1922. [156] Following the introduction of the Euro, Eurobarometer surveys in January 2014 showed support for the Euro to be around 53%, close to the European average. Still, today there are 290,660 non-citizens in Latvia, which represent 14.1% of the population. [196] By 2020 the government aims to spend 1.5% of GDP on research and development, with half of the investments coming from the private sector. While it is now required that all school students learn Latvian, schools also include English, German, French and Russian in their curricula. [citation needed] They developed distinct cultural heritage, characterised by both Latvian and German influences. In formal divisions, Riga region, which includes the capital and parts of other regions that have a strong relationship with the capital, is also often included in regional divisions; e.g., there are five planning regions of Latvia (Latvian: plānošanas reģioni), which were created in 2009 to promote balanced development of all regions. This aroused popular protests against the USSR and also gave rise to an increasing popularity of poetry. [168] Latvia's current account, which had been in deficit by 27% in late 2006 was in surplus in February 2010. [103] Non-marine molluscs of Latvia include 159 species. The location map of Latvia below highlights the geographical position of Latvia within Europe on the world map. The Evangelical Lutheran Church, with an estimated 600,000 members in 1956, was affected most adversely. For your convenience, the map below shows the location of Latvia highlighted on a larger map. [55] A week later, on 1 September 1939, Germany and on 17 September, the Soviet Union invaded Poland. Latvia has a total area of 64,559 km2 (24,926 sq mi) of which 62,157 km2 (23,999 sq mi) land, 18,159 km2 (7,011 sq mi) agricultural land,[83] 34,964 km2 (13,500 sq mi) forest land[84] and 2,402 km2 (927 sq mi) inland water. Where is Latvia located on the world map? Most of the Hindus are local converts from the work of the Hare Krishna movement; some are foreign workers from India. 2461x1819 / 2 Mb Go to Map. Latvia showed signs of economic recovery, and the electorate had steadily moved toward the centre during the parliamentary period. [citation needed], Latvia operates Inčukalns underground gas storage facility, one of the largest underground gas storage facilities in Europe and the only one in the Baltic states. [168] Kenneth Orchard, senior analyst at Moody's Investors Service argued that: The strengthening regional economy is supporting Latvian production and exports, while the sharp swing in the current account balance suggests that the country's 'internal devaluation' is working. Latvia has hundreds of kilometres of undeveloped seashore—lined by pine forests, dunes, and continuous white sand beaches. Citizenship was not automatically extended to former Soviet citizens who settled during the Soviet occupation, or to their offspring. There were some spontaneous uprisings by Latvians against the Red Army which helped the Germans. Where Is Latvia Located - This amazing photo collections about Where Is Latvia Located is available to download. Latvia is positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Latvia plans to base the development of its scientific potential on existing scientific traditions, particularly in organic chemistry, medical chemistry, genetic engineering, physics, materials science and information technologies. [citation needed] The Young Latvians were largely eclipsed by the New Current, a broad leftist social and political movement, in the 1890s. They promoted Latvian culture and encouraged Latvians to take part in cultural activities. Where Is Latvia Located - Latvia maps. If necessary, scale the map, or choose a map from another provider (currently there are five available, from Google, Microsoft (Bing), Nokia (Ovi), Yandex, and OpenStreetMap). [53] Latvian soldiers fought on both sides of the conflict, mainly on the German side, with 140,000 men in the Latvian Legion of the Waffen-SS,[63] The 308th Latvian Rifle Division was formed by the Red Army in 1944. [22] Latvia is a democratic sovereign state, parliamentary republic. [133][134] In 2011, the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities "urged Latvia to allow non-citizens to vote in municipal elections. The longest river flowing through Latvian territory is the Daugava, which has a total length of 1,005 km (624 mi), of which 352 km (219 mi) is on Latvian territory. Gotthard Kettler, the last Master of the Order of Livonia, formed the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia. A History of Rome, M Cary and HH Scullard, p455-457, Macmillan Press. [44][45], Several important cultural changes occurred during this time. Hover to zoom map. In 2016, Latvia had 8.5 global hectares[99] of biocapacity per person within its territory, much more than the world average of 1.6 global hectares per person. [citation needed][107]. Big European events have been celebrated in Riga such as the Eurovision Song Contest 2003 and the European Film Awards 2014. They are located in the northeast of Europe. Where is Valmiera located Here you can see location and online maps of the town Valmiera, Valmieras Rajons, Latvia. Under this division Riga region includes large parts of what traditionally is considered Vidzeme, Courland, and Zemgale. Since then, it has been amended and is still in effect in Latvia today. Capital city Riga served as the European Capital of Culture in 2014. Required fields are marked * Comment. [citation needed], Privatisation in Latvia is almost complete. [119] In 2013 Riga hosted the annual Northern Future Forum, a two-day informal meeting of the prime ministers of the Nordic-Baltic countries and the UK. After the German surrender, it became clear that Soviet forces were there to stay, and Latvian national partisans, soon joined by some who had collaborated with the Germans, began to fight against the new occupier. [210], Latvian cuisine typically consists of agricultural products, with meat featuring in most main meal dishes. [164], Latvia's unemployment rate rose sharply in this period from a low of 5.4% in November 2007 to over 22%. The white wagtail (Motacilla alba, Latvian: baltā cielava) is Latvia's national bird. In ancient times, amber found along the Baltic Sea coast was sought by Vikings as well as traders from Egypt, Greece and the Roman Empire. [183], The share of ethnic Latvians had fallen from 77% (1,467,035) in 1935 to 52% (1,387,757) in 1989. Riga is the biggest city in the Baltic States. [2] As of 2004 there were more than 600 Latvian neopagans, Dievturi (The Godskeepers), whose religion is based on Latvian mythology. Latvia is bordered by the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Irga, Estonia to the north, Russia to the east, and Belarus and Lithuania to the south. It has been held since 1873, normally every five years. This page was last updated on November 9, 2020, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Largest Nature Parks In And Around Urban Areas In The United States. The other two Baltic States are Lithuania and Estonia. State administrators were liquidated and replaced by Soviet cadres. Lutheranism was more prominent before the Soviet occupation, when it was a majority religion of ~60% due to strong historical links with the Nordic countries and to the influence of the Hansa in particular and Germany in general. However, most indigenous Latvians did not participate in this particular cultural life. For example, one of the most popular celebrations is Jāņi, a pagan celebration of the summer solstice—which Latvians celebrate on the feast day of St. John the Baptist. This page contains comprehensive information about Cesis, including: the map where Cesis is located, it’s geographical coordinates, places where banks and ATMs, offices, schools, hospitals, museums, markets, monuments, salons, central park, metro station (if they are), reviews, and more. Approximately 72% of Latvian citizens are Latvian, while 20% are Russian; less than 1% of non-citizens are Latvian, while 71% are Russian. Russian, which was widely spoken during the Soviet period, is still the most widely used minority language by far (in 2011, 34% spoke it at home, including people who were not ethnically Russian). XX V.). This means they use less biocapacity than Latvia contains. On 4 May 1990, the Supreme Council adopted the Declaration on the Restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia, and the Latvian SSR was renamed Republic of Latvia. Latvia is bordered by the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Irga, Estonia to the north, Russia to the east, and Belarus and Lithuania to the south. In 1897, 61.2% of the rural population had been landless; by 1936, that percentage had been reduced to 18%. Other location | Local time Riga. Explore Latvia holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. [52], By 1923, the extent of cultivated land surpassed the pre-war level. Where Is Latvia Located On The World Map. The Soviets immediately began to reinstate the Soviet system. '[75], In the second half of the 1980s, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev started to introduce political and economic reforms in the Soviet Union that were called glasnost and perestroika. Latvia is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. All three countries have a coastline at the Baltic Sea. All of the minority schools (Jewish, Polish, Belarusian, Estonian, Lithuanian) were closed down leaving only two media of instructions in the schools: Latvian and Russian. File Type: png, File size: 15664 bytes (15.3 KB), Map Dimensions: 920px x 560px (256 colors) World > Europe > Latvia > Riga. They have no citizenship of any country, and cannot vote in Latvia. Latvia Location On The World Map . 12/11/20 [Xinhua] > KHL: Dinamo Riga vs. Sochi: Dinamo Riga's Tony Sund (R) vies with Sochi's Jere Karjalainen during the 2020-2021 Kontinental Hockey League (KHL) ice hockey match between Dinamo Riga and Sochi in Riga, Latvia, Nov. 12, 2020. [56]:64[56]:56, Under German occupation, Latvia was administered as part of Reichskommissariat Ostland. File Type: png, File size: 230314 bytes (224.92 KB), Map Dimensions: 2056px x 1710px (256 colors) The peaceful Singing Revolution, starting in 1987, called for Baltic emancipation from Soviet rule and condemning the Communist regime's illegal takeover. [205], The Latvian Song and Dance Festival is an important event in Latvian culture and social life. [129], More than 56% of leading positions are held by women in Latvia, which ranks 1st in Europe; Latvia ranks 1st in the world in women's rights sharing the position with five other European countries according to World Bank. [175], National road network in Latvia totals 1675 km of main roads, 5473 km of regional roads and 13 064 km of local roads. In Boxing, Mairis Briedis is the first Latvian to win a boxing world title, having held the WBC cruiserweight title from 2017 to 2018, and the WBO cruiserweight title in 2019. Real GDP growth of 5.5 percent in 2011 was underpinned by export growth and a recovery in domestic demand. [112] Nordic-Baltic Eight (NB-8) is the joint co-operation of the governments of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, and Sweden. Riga lies between latitudes 56.95 and longitudes 24.1000004. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. The Soviets reoccupied the country in 1944–1945, and further deportations followed as the country was collectivised The national tournament is the Latvian Hockey Higher League, held since 1931. Spring and autumn bring fairly mild weather. This system also existed before World War II. [92], Most of the country is composed of fertile lowland plains and moderate hills. [85], The total length of Latvia's boundary is 1,866 km (1,159 mi). The lowest point of Latvia is the Baltic Sea at 0 m. Latvia (officially, Republic of Latvia) is divided into 110 municipalities (novadi, sing. [184] In 2011, there were even fewer Latvians than in 1989, though their share of the population was larger – 1,285,136 (62.1% of the population).[185]. [96], Latvia has a long tradition of conservation. The cities of Latvia are: Daugavpils, Jekabpils, Jelgava, Jurmala, Liepaja, Rezekne, Riga, Valmiera and Ventspils. Dobele. There are over 3,000 small lakes in the country. This page contains comprehensive information about Cesis, including: the map where Cesis is located, it’s geographical coordinates, places where banks and ATMs, offices, schools, hospitals, museums, markets, monuments, salons, central park, metro station (if they are), reviews, and more. June 24, 2020 0. Countries near Latvia include Estonia, Lithuania, Belarusand Sweden. Neighbouring countries are: Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania & Russia. [211], Grey peas and ham are generally considered as staple foods of Latvians. It has direct flight to over 80 destinations in 30 countries. The outline map above represents Latvia, a country located in northeastern Europe with a coastline on the Baltic Sea to the west. Latvia co-operates with Estonia and Lithuania in several trilateral Baltic defence co-operation initiatives: Future co-operation will include sharing of national infrastructures for training purposes and specialisation of training areas (BALTTRAIN) and collective formation of battalion-sized contingents for use in the NATO rapid-response force. In 2015 Latvia held the presidency of Council of the European Union. Both nowadays cover a variety of different fields. [93] There are 706 specially state-level protected natural areas in Latvia: four national parks, one biosphere reserve, 42 nature parks, nine areas of protected landscapes, 260 nature reserves, four strict nature reserves, 355 nature monuments, seven protected marine areas and 24 microreserves. [172] Free port of Ventspils is one of the busiest ports in the Baltic states. However, by 2010, commentators[168][169] noted signs of stabilisation in the Latvian economy. Neighbouring countries are: Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania & Russia. Albeit having experienced a difficult transition to a liberal economy and its re-orientation toward Western Europe, Latvia is one of the fastest growing economies in the European Union. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Riga, Riga. [164][2] The largest groups as of 2011[update] were: In the Eurobarometer Poll 2010, 38% of Latvian citizens responded that "they believe there is a God", while 48% answered that "they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force" and 11% stated that "they do not believe there is any sort of spirit, God, or life force". Summers are usually warm and sunny, with cool evenings and nights. While Vidzeme was also the first Latvian land to be conquered by Russians (this happened in 1721), it was far from the worst affected one. Click on the Where Is Latvia Located to view it full screen. However, most rivers are extremely short. This led to the development of the Amber Road. Rating agency Standard & Poor's raised its outlook on Latvia's debt from negative to stable. With most of Latvia's industrial base evacuated to the interior of Russia in 1915, radical land reform was the central political question for the young state. Exact location of Latvia and coordinates. Latvia is a member of the European Union, Eurozone, NATO, the Council of Europe, the United Nations, CBSS, the IMF, NB8, NIB, OECD, OSCE, and WTO. Switch to satellite or physical maps and explore the terrain at high resolution. Latvia Map / Geography of Latvia / Map of Latvia Worldatlas.com Latvia location on the Europe map Where Is Latvia ? [113] Nordic-Baltic Six (NB-6), comprising Nordic-Baltic countries that are European Union member states, is a framework for meetings on EU-related issues. [193] About 21% of the total population is not affiliated with a specific religion.[2]. [62] Most were deported to Siberia where deaths were estimated at 40 percent, officers of the Latvian army being shot on the spot. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. Currently, VEF Rīga, which competes in EuroCup, is the strongest professional basketball club in Latvia. In late 2018 the National Archives of Latvia released a full alphabetical index of some 10,000 people recruited as agents or informants by the Soviet KGB. Latvia location map, showing the geographical location of Latvia on the World map. [188], Beginning in 2019, instruction in Russian language will be gradually discontinued in private colleges and universities in Latvia, as well as general instruction in Latvian public high schools,[189][190] except for subjects related to culture and history of the Russian minority, such as Russian language and literature classes.[191]. Mires occupy 9.9% of Latvia's territory. Where Is Latvia Located - This amazing photo collections about Where Is Latvia Located is accessible to save. According to the UN, Latvia is part of Northern Europe. [102] Common species of wildlife in Latvia include deer, wild boar, moose, lynx, bear, fox, beaver and wolves. Of these, 42% are raised bogs; 49% are fens; and 9% are transitional mires. According to the UN, Latvia is part of Northern Europe. [54], Early in the morning of 24 August 1939, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany signed a 10-year non-aggression pact, called the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. However, universal citizenship for all permanent residents was not adopted. The Latvian capital, the largest city in the Baltics, is a fascinating mixture of proud Latvian tradition and influences of the various countries that have occupied it. On occasions, especially in 1944, opposing Latvian troops faced each other in battle.[56]:299. Pro-independence Popular Front of Latvia candidates gained a two-thirds majority in the Supreme Council in the March 1990 democratic elections. Children born to non-nationals after the reestablishment of independence are automatically entitled to citizenship. [citation needed] With the onset of World War II, many Latvian artists and other members of the cultural elite fled the country yet continued to produce their work, largely for a Latvian émigré audience. An inlet of the Baltic Sea, the shallow Gulf of Riga is situated in the northwest of the country. [123], According to the reports by Freedom House and the US Department of State, human rights in Latvia are generally respected by the government:[124][125] Latvia is ranked above-average among the world's sovereign states in democracy,[126] press freedom,[127] privacy[128] and human development. The Young Latvian (Latvian: Jaunlatvieši) movement laid the groundwork for nationalism from the middle of the century, many of its leaders looking to the Slavophiles for support against the prevailing German-dominated social order. 4578x2830 / 8,75 Mb Go to Map. By geographical size, Latvia is the 122nd largest country by landmass, with just less than 25,000 square feet of land. Latvia has 1,957,200 inhabitants[18] and a territory of 64,589 km2 (24,938 sq mi). [citation needed] The rise in use of the Latvian language in literature and society became known as the First National Awakening. The most successful Olympic athlete in the history of independent Latvia has been Māris Štrombergs, who became a two-time Olympic champion in 2008 and 2012 at Men's BMX.[217]. [56]:326 Between 136,000 and 190,000 Latvians, depending on the sources, were imprisoned or deported to Soviet concentration camps (the Gulag) in the post war years, from 1945 to 1952. 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