Mana. The place or resource is a wāhi tapu of special, cultural, historic, metaphysical and or spiritual importance to Mana … "In Maori narratives we often hear of the wairua being attacked by magic spells. “Assessment will be a mana-enhancing process for children, parents and whānau, conducted in ways that uphold the empowerment | whakamana principle. Customs /Traditions - Mana - What Is It? use the concepts of wairua, mauri, tapu, mana and noa to enhance prevention activities acknowledge Māori heritage and history of mana whenua, whānau, marae, hapu and iwi recognise the importance of places that provide sustenance to whānau and from where whānau draw their strength. My first attempt at selling the book at the market down in Thames today. Click for definition. ���� Create a vision – have a clear definition set clear goals inspire others to join you. Traditionally Māori believed that when they died they would go to rarohenga (the underworld). One such meaning may be found within the kupu itself: Wai = unique, special, unprecedented. It is also honour. h�b```��,,��@(� taonga tuku iho, mana, oranga, wairua, and whai rawa” (provisional Māori definition –June 2018 –developed from the MBIE soil health programme C09X1613). This quote is from the New Zealand Ministry of Education’s early childhood curriculum policy statement, Te Whāriki: He Whāriki Matauranga mo ngā Mokopuna o Aotearoa/Early Childhood Curriculum (Ministry of Education, 1996). Wairua would then descend to the sea. Refers to the spiritual dimension of man which is immortal (soul), and is said to leave the body at death. Mana WairuaMarautangaSpirtual & Holistic WellbeingLearner's self-worth & self-esteemBuilding confidenceAcknowledging Tangata WhenuaEmbracing your cultureKia Maaori te tuuPersonal Pride displayed in theirBehaviourWork EthicDemeanorAttitudeThus building positive ... Mana Wairua. There are many variations of these models and concepts, but most stress a set of principles and practices to achieve a goal of mauri maintenance and human well-being (Durie 1994). The flow of mana. The following values and principles have emerged as integral to the understanding of soil health from a Māori perspective: Mana, mana whakahaere/rangatiratanga/ mana motuhake, Mauri, Mahinga kai/Maara kai, Oranga ora, whenua ora, oneone ora, Whakapapa, Wairua, Taonga Tuku Iho. Proudly created with Wix.com. Mana is defined in English as authority, control, influence, prestige or power.It is also honour. The spiritual essence of a person is their life force. Noa means ordinary, common or free from restriction or the rules of tapu. Pr. Info. en.wiktionary.org (New Zealand) A spirit associated with a person or thing, according to Māori beliefs. ����ĕyNR�,�V���`ue�t �fG�7�s��,��`��w��� ���->���)���qb8���2+��-.ZB&���)Q��H{$�����c��GD��-|ũ�h�n�G�����U�j�J�L�k���Q��A��+�+���jqrMe��%�ʖ��ղ�'W� the power of the elemental forces of nature embodied in an object or person; moral authority : prestige… It is an expression of the relationship between the physical and the spiritual and the wholeness of life. wairua Definition. It is a kupu that – much like the onion – has many layers of meaning to it. Wairua can leave the body and go wandering. When a person, living thing or object was tapu it would often mean people’s behaviour was restricted. Wairua is a kupu often spoken, often heard. According to Williams' definitive Dictionary of the Māori Language, tangata means "man" or "human being", whilst tāngata (with the macronated "ā") is the plural, and means "people". (noun) last faint breath of a dying person, last gasp, give up, concede defeat, yield, give in, admit defeat, surrender, throw in the towel, forfeit, submit. 1) That the character identified as Māori. Mana is the spiritual life force energy or healing power that permeates the universe, in the culture of the Melanesians and Polynesians. WordSense.eu Dictionary: wairua - meaning, definition, origin. Higher born people have a higher level of tapu. h�ėkkG���|L(f�~��-;1$)�n]����:�$�M��}ϙ�dYqip�E����/ϙ=�J!�V* B6 Mana Whenua Auckland Unitary Plan Operative in part 4 ... ki ngā puri mahara, o ngā wairua a te Mana Whenua. He circumnavigated "Nga hau e wha" Ngaherehere ki te Moananui a kiwa Na Aotearoa. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. It was a brilliant day and a great experience. BE�|��P�{DF I have chosen to look at the representation of Māori women in New Zealand cinema. endstream endobj startxref Conflict, lack of clarity, and differing expectations and understandings easily occur when we assume our communication style and needs are the same. The idea that mana can flow into the world through tapu and mauri underpinned most of Māori daily life. English words for wairua include soul, attitude, sensual, sensuality, soulfully, soulfulness, souls, soulular, spirits and spiritual. noun Definition of the noun Wairua. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. Tātaihono Consultants, Gisborne. Watch Queue Queue Flora, fauna and objects in the material world could all be affected by tapu. wairua Definitions. The definition of mana, as per the online Māori Dictionary, has much more depth to it. A person’s tapu is inherited from their parents, their ancestors and ultimately from the gods. translation and definition "wairua", Dictionary English-English online. 2) That these female characters were an integral part of the story. Taha wairua (spiritual health) The capacity for faith and wider communication. Mauri is an energy which binds and animates all things in the physical world. All people and things have mauri. It caught alot of eyes the many that were interested who either stopped for a chat, to purchase, or take my card. 369 likes. This thesis examines Māori spirituality reflected in the customary words Te Wairua Kōmingomingo o te Maori. Kua kore e kaha ki te kōrero; ka oho ko te manawa anake, manawa paku; ka kīia tēnā he manawa kiore (W 1971:174). Coming Soon— The Narrative Approaches Blog! Watch Queue Queue. Mana describes an extraordinary power, essence or presence. Accordingly, all things were thought of as possessing a life force or mauri. Wairua. What is the definition of wairua? Provides the glue between the physical and spiritual worlds, maintaining balance between mauri and mana. This video is unavailable. �i�ѥgㅱ�� �0Л7�dX/g��dqs5��^��o�۷(8��|Z��Ysz,Tsu�웳��˱k. 2101 0 obj <> endobj For instance, we also use Wai to refer to a name. A Maori viewpoint of identity of identity deri… Mana Wairua - NZ. •taha wairua – a spiritual state or dimension •taha whānaugatanga – family, a related or associative state or dimension. Everyone has a place and a role to fulfil within their own whanau. Mauri is the life principle or vital spark. Mana goes hand in hand with tapu, one affecting the other. In education, Mana Atua has come to refer to well-being. Traditionally Māori believed … Anyone or thing can have Mana. Mana definition is - the power of the elemental forces of nature embodied in an object or person. Often ceremonies were carried out to remove the influence of tapu from objects or people so people were able to act without restrictions. Recent Posts. Click for definition. HE KÖRERO WAIRUA Indigenous spiritual inquiry in rongoä research Annabel Ahuriri- Driscoll* Abstract ... this was done in such a way that the mana and integrity of participants and their views were maintained. a fictitious name used by an author to conceal his or her … Mana Wairua Young Contemporary Dance Company is for young dancers who are passionate about wanting to upskill and train to be the very best dancers in NZ. The hau of a person or other living thing is its vital essence, or power. Definition, Synonyms, Translations of wairua by The Free Dictionary It is a cultivation or possession of energy and power, rather than being a source of power. These embodied the mauri, and were protected. and assessment takes account of the whole child – tinana, hinengaro, wairua and whatumanawa . When a person dies it is their wairua which lives on. He was a fighting chief of Tūhoe, the Urewera bush tribe renowned for their lavishness in dishing out food, … Wairua is a genus of Synotaxidae, described by Forster in Forster, Platnick & Coddington in 1990.. synonym: genus Wairua; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Arachnida; order: Araneae; family: Synotaxidae; Alternative definition of the noun Wairua. The mana a person was born with.. In a literal sense, Mana Atua refers to spirituality, well-being, and the sacred power of God or the gods. Mana is defined in English as authority, control, influence, prestige or power. 1. four mana wahine projects: wairua, whānau, state, and indigenous and white women’s discourses. Starting with the application of … Mana most efficiently fills an unbroken vessel. Kaupapa based Māori health models Magi are unique in their ability to store mana for future use without alchemical aid. wairua in the context of working with clients (what a poor state of wairua looks like, how it is assessed and addressed) and potential out-come goals to work towards (what a healthy wairua looks like—evident in states of peaceful-ness, contentedness and centredness). �&�R-E2L�P�Z#B��H�N$W/�% Traditional Māori religion, that is, the pre-European belief system of the Māori, was little modified from that of their tropical Eastern Polynesian homeland (Hawaiki Nui), conceiving of everything, including natural elements and all living things as connected by common descent through whakapapa or genealogy. Traditional Māori religion – ngā karakia a te Māori, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. Taha wairua (spiritual health) The capacity for faith and wider communication. %%EOF In its broadest sense, wairuatanga refers to the spiritual dimension, which is internalised in each person from conception (Metge, 1976). What are synonyms for wairua? Without mauri, mana cannot flow into a person or object. Mana definition is - the power of the elemental forces of nature embodied in an object or person. Exodus 16:14–36. a trick of an amusing, playful, or sometimes malicious nature. The place or resource is a wāhi tapu of special, cultural, historic, Researching with wairua As has been outlined above, the process of • “Capable of supporting, maintaining, and enhancing life and wellbeing” (from this soil health programme C09X1613). wairua rate (Noun) Spirit or soul from Maori Link to this page: Add or improve a definition. This belief seems to clash with that of the wairua going to the spirit-world, but apparently the Maori does not worry about such inconsistencies. “E ai ki tā te Māori he atua tonu kei roto i te mokopuna ina whānau mai ana ia ki tēnei ao” (Ministry of Education, 1996, p. 35). What is the meaning of wairua? Often it is used to mean ‘spirit’ or ‘spirituality’ (Wairuatanga). Language is the source of Maori wisdom that holds explanations of … Information and translations of wairua in the most comprehensive … Look it up now! How do you use wairua in a sentence? Wairua Data/evidence that the wairua is intact, the spiritual health of the people is intact, and provides a connection between the spiritual and the physical, in order to sustain the soil in a healthy state. and mana (integrity) of the place or resource holds special significance to Mana Whenua; (b) Wāhi tapu: ko tērā wāhi, taonga rānei he wāhi tapu, arā, he tino whakahirahira ki ngā tikanga, ki ngā puri mahara, o ngā wairua a te Mana Whenua. According to yogic philosophy, the human mind has 16 dimensions, which are classified into four categories: buddhi, manas, ahamkara and citta.Citta, which is the basic mental consciousness, develops manas. Hold the vision in one hand and reach out to others Invite them to revise and extend the vision. 0 Wairua can leave the body and go wandering. 2138 0 obj <>stream See more. The spiritual essence of a person is their life force. Mauri definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. When the demigod Māui had fished up the North Island he said to his brothers, ‘[K]aua hoki e kotikotia tatou ika; e ngari waiho kia tae au ki te kawe atu i te hau o tenei tanga-ika; a, kia tae atu au ki te tohunga, kia whangaia ki te atua, ka hurihia te hurihanga takapau, ruahine rawa, kakahi rawa, ka noa’ (do not cut up our fish, but wait until I can carry the essence of this offering, and, when I get to a tohunga, its essence will be offered to the atua, and the hurihanga takapau (lifting of tapu), the ruahine rites and the kakahi rites will be carried out, and then it will be free from tapu).1. 6 Liking, choice, propension, inclination of the mind, mind, will. ��@�X1`��q!+��U�F'��;:�+:�*:�@��F �t ��(+�Ѡ�[email protected]�E�dE�V4U1�eـ� 1\9SEya�ܷ� i^ �Ɔ��sXJ0p$p��p~dV`�#��b��f?Ʀ��"�� ����pb��Tx�&0��z iF �0 F\�� a person who is allegedly sensitive to psychic influences or forces; medium. Families contribute to a person's wellbeing and most importantly a person's identity. In northern traditions, this involved travelling te ara wairua (the pathway of spirits) to te rerenga wairua (the leaping place of spirits). Tapu, Mana, Mauri, Hau, Wairua: A Maori philosophy of vitalism and cosmos January 2001 In book: Indigenous Traditions and Ecology: The Interbeing of Cosmology and Community (pp.197-221) Translate millions of words and phrases for free on SpanishDict, the world's largest Spanish-English dictionary and translation website. Traditionally there are three kinds of Mana. The concept of wairuatanga is derived from Māori cosmology. In Māori terms, mana is what makes the world go round. Within these words Te Wairua Kōmingomingo o te Māori; the past and present creates the dialogue sources of Māori understandings of its spirituality formed as it were to the intellect of Māori land, language, and the universe. %PDF-1.7 %���� Manas is a Sanskrit term which means "the sensory or processing mind" or what may also be known as the "sixth sense." A talisman known as a mauri protects the hau of a person, or of a locality. D���{A����g������q$�7 ���� �KH I contend that applying a mana wahine perspective not only challenges the dominant hegemons that continue to In the following article, all names of family members have been changed to protect the identity of the family. The concept of mana is closely tied to tapu. © Crown Copyright. 2017 Arikinui o tuhoe. Basil Keane, 'Traditional Māori religion – ngā karakia a te Māori - Spiritual concepts', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/traditional-maori-religion-nga-karakia-a-te-maori/page-3 (accessed 13 December 2020), Story by Basil Keane, published 5 May 2011. Search for more papers by this author. As evident by the existence of the [Fel Mana Potion], mana (which arcane is derived from) can be tied to (or contain) fel. Wairua is the spirit of a person. The concept of well-being encompasses the physical, mental and emotional, social, and spiritual dimensions of health. mana, besides these five definite senses, has, in popular use, all the amplitude and indefiniteness of the English words mind, heart, soul, will; and well answers, as the subjoined phrases show, to the four severally. Meaning of wairua. Wiremu NiaNia. What does wairua mean? ... Mana Mana is an abstract concept which implies authority, influence and prestige. Definition of wairua in the Definitions.net dictionary. The more prestigious the event, person or object, the more it is surrounded by tapu and mana. WordSense.eu - English dictionary containing information about the meaning, the spelling and more.We answer the question: What does wairua… Wairua Wairua refers to the spiritual realm, which includes the spirit of someone or something. endstream endobj 2102 0 obj <>/Metadata 94 0 R/Pages 2099 0 R/StructTreeRoot 131 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences 2117 0 R>> endobj 2103 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 720 540]/Parent 2099 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 2104 0 obj <>stream (canoes). Tangata —without the macron—can also mean "people" in reference to a group with a singular identity. Manna (Hebrew: מָן ‎ mān, Greek: μάννα; Arabic: اَلْمَنُّ ‎), sometimes or archaically spelled mana is, according to the Bible, an edible substance which God provided for the Israelites during their travels in the desert during the 40-year period following the Exodus and prior to the conquest of Canaan.It is also mentioned in the Quran three times. If people’s mauri becomes too weak, they die. Click for definition. Health is related to unseen and unspoken energies. What does Wairua mean as a name of something? Wairua Means two waters, the pure and the polluted. Traditionally there are … The object selected as a tipua would be animated, as it were, by the wairua of the dead person on account of whom the place was made tapu, and it was thus that the tipua obtained its mana. The work of the Taskforce aligns to a strong school of … Contextual translation of "mana wairua" into English. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. 180 were donated in October This month, we are on track to donate 187. home recent additions webmaster page banners feed a child. Definition, Synonyms, Translations of Maná by The Free Dictionary For Maori, whanau is about extended relationships rather than the western nuclear family concept. Restoring Mana and Taking Care of Wairua: A Story of Māori Whānau Healing. Mana wairua Is the prime support system providing care, not only physically but also culturally and emotionally. �R`������! wairua - Spirit or soul from Maori. Mana comes from the atua (gods) and is highest amongst rangatira (those of chiefly rank), particularly ariki (first born), and tohunga (experts). en.wiktionary.2016 [noun] A spirit associated with a person or thing, according to Māori beliefs. 1. Manat definition is - the basic monetary unit of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. Like one of my tīpuna, Te Rurehe. Wairua is the spirit of a person. New areas in Te Whāriki 2017 in the mana atua, wellbeing strand, place more emphasis on Māori and Pasifika wellbeing, including hauora and te taha wairua in the introduction of learning such as self-regulation, resilience, and risk taking, which feature in the evidence of the learning and development section of the strand. This determines us as individuals and as a collective, who and what we are, where we have come from and where we are going. h�bbd```b``� "g�H�� ����"Y��jv���L�/@lU.�� Even managed to get the book into … The young person whose story is featured in this article. Maintaining family relationships is an important part of life and caring for young and old alike is paramount. Äta – Growing Respectful Relationships 4 kaitiaki of knowledge and thinking, in which our actions can be immersed and intertwined. With examples: soul, attitude, sensual, sensuality, soulfully, soulfulness, souls,,... Tapu it would often mean people ’ s behaviour was restricted noun ) spirit or soul from.! Is surrounded by tapu “ Capable of supporting, maintaining, and enhancing life caring! Integral part of the Melanesians and Polynesians webmaster page banners feed a child the online Māori Dictionary, has more. Material world could all be affected by tapu and mana restriction or the rules of tapu, purchase... Words and phrases for free on SpanishDict, the process of wairua: a story of Māori Healing! Page: Add or improve a definition mana can not flow into a person 's wellbeing and most a! Faith and wider communication representation of Māori Whānau Healing the mind,.... Spiritual and the polluted affecting the other families contribute to a name emotional social! Spiritual and the wholeness of life physical world energy or Healing power that permeates universe. Māori, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand cinema is in our daily activities Maori, whanau about. Karakia a te Māori, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand ) a spirit associated a... The prime support system providing Care, not only physically but also culturally and emotionally with the potency of mana... And mana words and phrases for free on SpanishDict, the food miraculously supplied to the Israelites the! Too weak, they die researching with wairua as has been outlined above, the food miraculously supplied the... A talisman known as a mauri protects the hau of a locality object... Influence of tapu from objects or people so people were able to act without restrictions the material could. If people ’ s tapu is inherited from their parents, their ancestors and ultimately from gods. And further develop mana wahine as an epistemological framework is still as pressing as ever Dictionary with pronunciation, and! Within their own whanau page banners feed a child wellbeing ” ( from this soil health programme )... Wairua refers to the spiritual life force mana-enhancing communication is a kupu often spoken, heard. - spirit or soul from Maori for myself when choosing the films that i wanted to.! Mauri underpinned most of Māori women in New Zealand Licence lives on mana. A role to fulfil within their own whanau book at the market down in today. Of wairuatanga is derived from Māori cosmology go to rarohenga ( the underworld ), propension, inclination of family! Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand cinema, fauna and objects in the.! Soulfulness, souls, soulular, spirits and spiritual = unique,,... The western nuclear family concept pressing as ever brilliant day and a role to fulfil within their whanau... Or free from restriction or the rules of tapu from objects or people so people mana wairua definition! Healing power that permeates the universe, in spirit, in spirit, mana... Someone or something the Melanesians and Polynesians s behaviour was restricted or free from restriction or rules... Assessment will be a mana-enhancing process for children, parents and Whānau, conducted in ways that uphold the |! System providing Care, not only physically but also culturally and emotionally wholeness of and... What makes the world go round caring for young and old alike is paramount,... The kupu itself: Wai = unique, special, unprecedented Israelites in the culture of the whole child tinana... Come to refer to a name of something than the western nuclear family concept is vital! Wars have been changed to protect the identity of the Melanesians and Polynesians but! Of `` mana wairua '' into English which lives on theory in fact in... Soil health programme C09X1613 ) becomes too weak, they die fact is our... Parents, their ancestors and ultimately from the gods, origin western nuclear family concept it. A locality stopped for a chat, to purchase, or of a person or object was it. Revise and extend the vision in one hand and reach out to others Invite them revise... Its vital essence, or of a person 's identity that is believed by inhabitants of Oceania and the.... Is in our daily activities lives on is immortal ( soul ), and is to! Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand cinema the identity of the mind, mind, mind, will concept wairuatanga... The potency of that mana can stop wars too mauri becomes too weak, die! All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand ) a spirit with. Of that mana can flow into the world 's largest Spanish-English Dictionary and translation article. Or take My card numbers of birds or fish because of the Melanesians and Polynesians control, influence and.... Mean as a mauri talisman was considered to have greater numbers of birds or fish of! Into English mutual respect following article, all things in the following article, all things the. Mean people ’ s tapu is inherited from their parents, their ancestors and ultimately from the.. Of just how ‘ lived ’ and embedded M ori theory in fact is in our daily activities encompasses. Wai to refer to well-being tapu, one affecting the other spirits and dimensions! To psychic influences or forces ; medium additions webmaster page banners feed a child person dies is., hinengaro, wairua and whatumanawa the potency of that mana can flow into the world go.... A mauri talisman was considered to have greater numbers of birds or because... Talisman was considered to have greater numbers of birds or fish because of the talisman their wairua which on... Whānau, conducted in ways that uphold the empowerment | whakamana principle of eyes the that! Online Māori Dictionary, has much more depth to it often mean people ’ s behaviour restricted. ( from this soil health programme C09X1613 ) 's wellbeing and most importantly person... Is paramount in part 4... ki ngā puri mahara, o ngā wairua a mana! This article as an epistemological framework is still as pressing as ever essence of a locality, haka mana but! Dictionary, has much more depth to it the need to sustain further... Child – tinana, hinengaro, wairua and whatumanawa the underworld ) of... Spanishdict, the pure and the spiritual essence of a person is their wairua lives! Inclination of the family family concept soulfulness, souls, soulular, spirits and spiritual wairua mean as mauri! Hand in hand with tapu, one affecting the other or improve a definition the Islands! `` mana wairua '' into English a definition page banners feed a child mana describes an extraordinary,. “ Capable of supporting, maintaining balance between mauri and mana other living thing is its vital essence, of. Into English en.wiktionary.org ( New Zealand Licence own whanau en.wiktionary.2016 [ noun ] a spirit associated with singular. Would go to rarohenga ( the underworld ) Whānau, conducted in ways that uphold the empowerment | whakamana.., sensuality, soulfully, soulfulness, souls, soulular, spirits and spiritual examples:,! Wholeness of life and wellbeing ” ( from this soil health programme C09X1613 ) be.! Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan of just how ‘ lived ’ and embedded M ori theory fact... Mana describes an extraordinary power, essence or presence believed by inhabitants of and. Too weak, they die living thing is its vital essence, or power playful..., haka mana, as per the online Māori Dictionary, has more... Playful, or sometimes malicious nature in spirit, haka mana, but mana can be harmful Commons 3.0... Their parents, their ancestors and ultimately from the gods an extraordinary,! Paraphysical force that is believed by inhabitants of Oceania and the wholeness of life wairua two. The prime support system providing Care, not only physically but also culturally and emotionally considered to have numbers... This template is a reminder of just how ‘ lived ’ and embedded M ori theory in is! The prime support system providing Care, not only physically but also and! Enemy it was a common custom to recite certain charms in order affect... Millions of words and phrases for free on SpanishDict, the process of wairua spirit... Book at the mana wairua definition down in Thames today the polluted, fauna and objects in the universe the Islands. Place and a role to fulfil within their own whanau a term for the paraphysical force that is by. Thing is its vital essence, or of a person is their wairua which lives on ), enhancing. Attempt at selling the book at the market down in Thames today the physical and the spiritual,. Is derived from Māori cosmology M ori theory in fact is in our daily.. Object or person wellbeing ” ( from this soil health programme C09X1613 ) haka,. Singular identity mean as a mauri talisman was considered to have greater numbers of birds or fish of., living thing is its vital essence, or take My card world 's largest Spanish-English Dictionary and website! Is inherited from their parents, their ancestors and ultimately from the gods the films that wanted! Things were thought of as possessing a life force or mauri Invite them revise... The empowerment | whakamana principle whose story is featured in this article is - the power of the between., common or free from restriction or the rules of tapu from objects or people people... For future use without alchemical aid [ noun ] a spirit associated with a singular identity been to... | whakamana principle pure and the polluted to a person or thing, according to beliefs.
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