He only had one set of grandparents because his father and his mother were full siblings. My own feelings as I mounted the platform were a strange mixture, and with trembling hand I struck the first blow.”. They were not brought to term, and perhaps couldn’t be because of genetic defects. Condition : Excellent. You may even have a Halloween mask of it, like I do, I confess. They’re almost bow-shaped and full like a baby’s pucker. Sadly, Tut’s own early demise might have been linked to those weaknesses attributed to incest. The cults and the priesthood of Amun were attacked and replaced. The son of Amenhotep III, though, was a different sort. Protective inscriptions are carved on the coffins as well. This mask is mainly gold, with some lapis lazuli and black and white quartz. Tut was born in the New Kingdom (1550–1070 BC), the time of greatest flowering of the Egyptian empire. The mask would allow the ba (soul) to recognise the mummy after its wanderings during the day. The back of the mask has Egyptian hieroglyphs inscribed, representing a protective spell from the Book of the Dead, which the Egyptians used as a road map for the afterlife, and to protect Tutankhamun as he moves into the underworld. The smooth, radiant gold face of the mask is meant to be a likeness of the boy pharaoh. This was commonly done for Egyptian royalty. Other gemstones such as carnelian, feldspar, turquoise, amazonite, and faience were embedded in the broad collar. The death mask of Tutankhamun Death Mask from innermost coffin, Tutankhamun’s tomb, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, c. 1323 B.C.E., gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones (Egyptian Museum, Cairo) (photo: Bjørn Christian Tørrissen , CC BY-SA 3.0) It is also deceiving. This discovery is based upon carefully examining an inscription in the funeral mask. According to the latest research by the British Egyptologist Nicholas Reeves, Tutankhamun's funeral mask would have been designed for a pharaoh, probably his mother the famous and beautiful Queen Nefertiti. Gold is associated with the sun god Ra, and ancient Egyptians believed it helps pharaohs in their journey to the afterlife. The mask was uncovered in 1925, three years after archaeologist and Egyptologist Howard Carter discovered Tutankhamun’s burial chamber at the Valley of the Kings. From the side, it is slightly upturned. Many Egyptian tombs had been robbed in the thousands of years since the pharaohs were buried, but Tutankhamun’s grave was small and somehow survived. Of course, in that new era of the press and radio news, the discovery created a sensation. The images you see have a lot to tell us, granting us a history—not only of Egyptian political succession but of artistic style and religious belief. Much of that had not changed in the intervening two millennia, since the time of the Old Kingdom. The funerary art of Egypt had a distinct purpose far beyond remembrance of dead loved ones. But do you understand what it represents—why it is so magnificent as art? The mask is one of the best-known works of art in the world. However, here we can see the gold mask of the pharaohs Psusennes I, who lived about 300 years after Tutankhamun in Tanis, a city in the north of Egypt. From an examination of the mummy and its DNA, the former Antiquities Minister of Egypt, Zahi Hawass, and his medical team, have determined that Tutankhamun may have had a cleft lip, a clubfoot, and suffered from malaria. Akhenaten and Nefertiti were the parents of six daughters. By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. Known as the “two ladies of the pharaoh”, they were meant to protect Tutankhamun and signified his rule over both Lower and Upper Egypt. It is fashioned from two layers of high-karat gold, varying from 1.5–3 mm (0.059–0.118 in) in thickness, and weighing 10.23 kg (22.6 lb). according to wikipedia: > The mask is 54 cm (21 in) tall, 39.3 cm (15.5 in) wide and 49 cm (19 in) deep. Animals, especially beautiful horses, and long-necked women in the royal court appear frequently. The “Tutankhamun mask” is the gold funerary mask of the young Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun, who reigned from 1332–1323 BC. But do you really understand what it represents and wh… The mask of Tutankhamun is a gold mask of the 18th-dynasty ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun (reigned 1332–1323 BC). There before us lay the sealed door, and with its opening, we were to blot out the centuries and stand in the presence of a king who had reigned 3,000 years ago. The combination of the two is symbolic of his domination of both lands. An excellent egyptian plate. When the mask was found, the beard was detached from the mask but was repaired and reattached in 1944. Some of the subject matter of the art was new: It emphasized more intimate, and immediate personal scenes of the family of the pharaoh. He founded a new capital, Akhetaten, and encouraged a new art style that departed from the standards of 2,000 years. King Tutankhamun is famous for his young age when he became pharaoh as well as his elaborate death mask. Sat 1 Jun 2002 11.22 EDT Iconic funerary mask of Pharao Tutankhamun (reigned 1332–1323 BC), discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter in the Valley of the Kings. Funerary mask of Tutankhamen (c1323BC) Jonathan Jones. [A cartouche is an oval or oblong enclosing a group of Egyptian hieroglyphs, usually representing the name and title of a monarch.]. Osiris Egyptian God, Facts And Description, Nefertiti: The Amazing Facts About The Queen of The Nile, The Surprising Facts About The Temple of Karnak, Abu Simbel Temples: Among The Most Famous Monuments In Egypt, 13 Most Instagrammable Places In Cairo You Must Visit, Things You Probably Didn’t Know About The Egyptian Museum, Khan El-Khalili: The Most Famous Open-Air Market In The Middle East, Cairo Tower: All You Need To Know Before You Visit, Tutankhamun: Top 10 Interesting Facts About The “Boy King”, The Ankh Symbol: The Actual Meaning And History. This is a transcript from the video series 30 Masterpieces of the Ancient World. Print. Yet they are those of a very elegant youth—sophisticated, delicate, and fine-boned. The “Tutankhamun mask” is the gold funerary mask of the young Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun, who reigned from 1332–1323 BC. Wondrous riches awaited them, and they could hardly believe their good fortune in discovering what is now known to be the only tomb of a pharaoh that had remained intact and untouched for thousands of years. But after the discovery and examination of his mummy, it turns out that he was perfectly normal. The Egyptologist Howard Carter discovered it in 1922. Read more interesting information in our other article about King Tut Tutankhamun. BUY 2 OR MORE ITEMS AND GET A P&P DISCOUNT = ALL BUYERS. The rows of the necklace are composed of lapis, quartz, amazonite, and colored glass. It was discovered by Howard Carter in 1925 and is now housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. This name was written as “Amen-tut-ankh” because of the tradition of honorific transposition (where the name of a god is written first out of respect). Tutankhamun Death Mask was Made for Nefertiti, Archaeologist says. Who was Tutankhamun? Tutankhamun was buried with many walking staffs, which some scholars believed were a symbol of office, but Hawass and the doctors who examined his mummy believe he needed them to walk. It had to fit in with 2,000 years of Egyptian tradition concerning the king. Nicholas Reeves, a British Egyptologist, says that the historic mask could have been made for Tutankhamun's stepmother – the mysterious Queen Nefertiti. He was only a child when he ascended to the throne, and died tragically very young. The purpose of King Tut’s funerary mask, which originally rested directly on the shoulders of the mummy inside the innermost gold coffin, is to allow the spirit of the deceased young pharaoh to recognize his body in the afterlife. Currently the estimated age of King Tutankhamun’s death mask is 3,000 years old until better carbon dating can determine a more accurate date. Made of solid gold, inlaid with semi-precious stones and coloured glass paste, the mask is an idealised portrait of the kin He was in reality not much more than a boy. It’s thought that Tut died before his tomb was sufficiently prepared, and his successor had him buried swiftly in a modest tomb meant for someone else. Semi-precious stones were used to enhance King Tut’s eyes. His lips are full and sensuous, but not too wide. GOOD LUCK IN YOUR BIDDING TODAY From the lecture series: 30 Masterpieces of the Ancient World, As Howard Carter told it, “One thought and only one was possible. The distance between his nose and his lips, where the filtrum (the indentation above the upper lip) is carved, is very small, as is the distance between the lower lip and the chin. A close view of the gold funerary mask of the pharaoh Tutankhamun. He was the living manifestation of the sun deity, the Aten, on earth. In effect, this is as eternal, youthful, and healthy a face as you can create. Tutankhamun’s mask also had a long, narrow golden beard. The cobra and vulture are colorfully inlaid with semi-precious stones and glass, including turquoise, carnelian, obsidian, and lapis. Tutankhamun is thought to have reversed the unpopular religious changes, reforming god Amun to glory and moving all capital business back to Thebes. Tutankhamun’s Father was born Amenhotep IV but changed his name to Akhenaten in the fifth year of his reign. The mask will be displayed with the entire Tutankhamun collection at the forthcoming Grand Egyptian Museum. world coins egyptian pharaoh tutankhamun 1 pound coin, king tut. So let’s look closer at the mask, and see how the story begins and ends. Above his brow are emblems of a vulture and cobra, representing the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet (also spelled Wadjit) respectively. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Akhenaten began a new art style to express his new beliefs, which embodied the notion that he was the child and the personification of the sun on earth. The image of the perfect, ideal, youthful, and muscular king, with faculties far outpacing the common man, had to be conjured by the artist. Brother-sister incest was famously the Egyptian means of keeping the royal bloodline intact, but unfortunately, it had serious genetic repercussions for Tut and others. THE GOLDEN MASK OF TUTANKHAMUN. Read Later. As Howard Carter told it: One thought and only one was possible. Learn more about why the Egyptians went to such great lengths to prepare bodies after death. About the funerary mask: The mask presents an idealised portrait of the king, or as described by historian Dan Snow “His Instagram Face”. The death mask of Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun. to ceremoniously cover the face in grandeur, The Great Tours: England, Scotland, and Wales, why the Egyptians went to such great lengths to prepare bodies after death, the secrets of Egypt’s famous boy king, Tutankhamun, one of the most loved and celebrated women in the history of Egypt, how using trial and error Sneferu figured out how to build a true pyramid, how King Narmer unified Upper and Lower Egypt, several pieces of exquisite ancient jewelry covered in hieroglyphs, the story of the excavation of King Tut’s tomb, The Great Pyramid at Giza: A Marvel of Ancient Egyptian Engineering, Erecting an Obelisk: A Monument of Egyptian Grandeur, Osiris, Seth, Horus, and the Divine Origins of Egyptian Kingship. Is famous for his young age when he died at 19, according to them, named,! Egyptian art and created a sensation CNN ) — for almost a century king... Gaze seen in Khafre ’ s burial mask was discovered in 1922 it one... 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