Front Plant Sci 6:508, PubMed  The eggs of Spodoptera litura were collected from a field in Taichung City, Taiwan and kept in 250-ml plastic rearing cups, and small wet cotton balls were added to provide moisture. Entomol Exp Appl 41:33–38, Buhtz A, Witzel K, Strehmel N, Ziegler J, Abel S, Grosch R (2015) Perturbations in the primary metabolism of tomato and Arabidopsis thaliana plants infected with the soil-borne fungus Verticillium dahliae. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, High-performance liquid chromatography–photo diode array detector, Ahn JH, Lee JS (2003) Sugar acts as a regulatory signal on the wound inducible expression of SbHRGP3TGUS in transgenic plants. in interspecific derivatives of groundnut. In this study, the capability of AA for priming of tomato defense against a chewing caterpillar Spodoptera litura and its underlying molecular mechanism were evaluated. Declining trend in pest population was noticed with minimum infestation of 0.15 insects per plant on 23rdApril, 2014. Plant Physiol 176:1808–1823, Kessler A, Baldwin IT (2001) Defensive function of herbivore-induced plant volatile emissions in nature. 2012; Che et al. 2015). Effect of Pongamia glabra oil treatment on a tomato pest, (cut worm, Spodoptera litura) and its natural enemies (Bracon sp. Spodoptera litura is an important polyphagous pest in India, China and Japan. Read about company. EPPO Bulletin 45, 410–444. New Phytol 200(4):1234–1246, Machado RAR, Arce C, Ferrieri AP, Baldwin IT, Erb M (2015) Jasmonate-dependent depletion of soluble sugars compromises plant resistance to Manduca sexta. Mol Plant 4(4):607–615, Tan CW, Peiffer M, Hoover K, Rosa C, Acevedo FE, Felton GW (2018) Symbiotic polydna virus of a parasite manipulates caterpillar and plant immunity. Plant Physiol 153(3):895–905, War AR, Paulraj MG, Ahmad T, Buhroo AA, Hussain B, Ignacimuthu S, Sharma HC (2012) Mechanisms of plant defense against insect herbivores. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. PubMed Central  The broad host range of the herbivore is due to its ability to downregulate plant defense across different plants. The metabolite alteration also resulted in increased defense in systemic leaves. Local leaf exhibited increased lignin accumulation upon herbivory. PubMed  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-018-2953-3. Env. J Chem Ecol 15(12):2667–2694, Ferrieri AP, Arce CCM, Machado RAR, Meza-Canales ID, Lima E, Baldwin IT, Erb MA (2015) Nicotiana attenuata cell wall invertase inhibitor (NaCWII) reduces growth and increases secondary metabolite biosynthesis in herbivore attacked plants. 14 (4), 118-123, April 2019. Results showed that rynaxypyr 18.5% SC @ 40 g a.i. Nature 500(7463):422–426, Ohyama A, Hirai M (1999) Introducing an antisense gene for a cell-wall bound acid invertase to tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) plants reduces carbohydrate content in leaves and fertility. J Biol Chem 278(32):30044–30050, Poorter L, Arets EJMM (2003) Light environment and tree strategies in a Bolivian tropical moist forest: an evaluation of the light partitioning hypothesis. Box 10531, New Delhi, 110067, India, Anish Kundu, Shruti Mishra & Jyothilakshmi Vadassery, You can also search for this author in Utilization of Bacillus thuringiensis in controlling armyworms (Spodoptera litura) on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants. Spodoptera littoralis, also referred to as the African cotton leafworm or Egyptian cotton leafworm or Mediterranean brocade, is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. New Phytol 215(2):803–812, Maffei ME, Mithöfer A, Arimura GI, Uchtenhagen H, Bossi S, Bertea CM, Cucuzza LS, Novero M, Volpe V, Quadro S, Boland W (2006) Effects of feeding Spodoptera littoralis on lima bean leaves. Google Scholar, Bergomaz R, Boppre M (1986) A simple instant diet for rearing Arctiidae and other Moths. Int J Mol Sci 14(5):10242–10297, Harper AD, Bar-Peled M (2002) Biosynthesis of UDP-xylose. Caterpillars of Helicoverpa armigera , in cobs of maize, showing the dark green stripes along the back and a yellow stripe at the side (more clearly seen on the caterpillar at the top of the photo). PubMed  Monobrullah, Poonam Bharti, Uma Shankar, R.K. Gupta, Kuldeep Srivastava and Hafeez Ahmad 2 The rice-cotton cutworm (Spodoptera litura) is a polyphagous pest of over 100 different host plants.It has not established in the U.S. (yet), but it is believed that it will cause high economic impact if it does become established. As a species that appears limited by winter temperatures, only a small area of the EU provides climatic conditions where establishment outdoors may be possible although cultivated and wild hosts … Thereafter, a sharp decline was noticed and population ceased completely from 49th standard week onwards up to 5th standard week. J. Bio. Thereafter, a sharp decline was noticed and population ceased completely from 49th standard week onwards up to 5th standard week. Received: 3 May 2020 / Revised: 25 May 2020 / Accepted: 28 May 2020 / Published: 30 May 2020, (This article belongs to the Special Issue, The preceding climate change demonstrates overwintering of pathogens that lead to increased incidence of insects and pest attack. See further details. Isolation and characterization of three novel defense-signaling glycopeptide hormones coded in a single precursor gene. and Bagde, 2011), tomato caterpillar (Spodoptera litura Fabricius) (Muthukrishnan et al., 2013 a) and shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) (Muthukrishnan et al., 2013 b). Science 175(4023):776–777, Hägg JF, Mika ZM, Bak S (2013) Plant defense against insect herbivores. The tobacco armyworm Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (S. litura) is an economically important polyphagous pest in India, China and Japan, causing considerable economic loss to many vegetable and field crops. MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Introduction and Distribution: Spodoptera litura is also known as the Oriental leafworm moth, Cluster caterpillar, Cotton leafworm, Tobacco cutworm, Tropical armyworm, Taro caterpillar, Tobacco budworm, Rice cutworm, and Cotton Cutworm. Funct Ecol 28(2):395–401, Kumar P, Ortiz EV, Garrido E, Poveda K, Jander G (2016) Potato tuber herbivory increases resistance to aboveground lepidopteran herbivores. Authors have no conflict of interest to declare. PubMed  We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience. The increasing infestation of In: Schaller A (ed) Induced plant resistance to herbivory. J Chem Ecol 40(5):458–467, Mousavi SA, Chauvin A, Pascaud F, Kellenberger S, Farmer EE (2013) GLUTAMATE RECEPTOR-LIKE genes mediate leaf-to-leaf wound signalling. S. littoralis is found widely in Africa, Mediterranean Europe and Middle Eastern countries.It is a highly polyphagous organism that is a pest of many cultivated plants and crops. At present, many field populations of this pest have developed high resistance against various insecticides [ … Google Scholar, Bradford MM (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Sci. Here, we show that, in cultivated tomato Solanum lycopersicumherbivory by generalist insect, Spodoptera lituraresults in differential alteration of primary metabolites, majorly sugars and amino acids and specific secondary metabolites in local, younger, and older systemic leaves. Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Grain Quality and Allelic Variation of the, Identification and Quantification of Plant Growth Regulators and Antioxidant Compounds in Aqueous Extracts of, Tillage, Crop Rotation and Crop Residue Management Effects on Nutrient Availability in a Sweet Sorghum-Based Cropping System in Marginal Soils of South Africa, Application of Plant Growth Promoting Microorganism and Plant Growth Regulators in Agricultural Production and Research. The adult abundance of Spodoptera litura in pheromone traps was recorded during 19th standard week which continued up to 43rd standard week, exhibiting three ‘V’ shaped oscillations during the period. Field experiments were conducted to observe, the efficacy of some insecticides (spinosad, rynaxypyr, indoxacarb, flubendiamide) for the management of Spodoptera litura on tomato during the rabi season of 2010 and 2011 at Horticultural Research Station, Mondouri B.C.K.V, W.B. In this study, we assessed the effects of MeJA and host plant species on plant-induction responses and performance of the subsequent insect herbivore Spodoptera litura. Plant Physiol 146(3):825–831, Mithöfer A, Boland W (2012) Plant defense against herbivores: chemical aspects. Tomato leaves at 6 to 7 branching stage were infested with S. litura at the larval stage of 2nd instar. 3. Utilization of Bacillus thuringiensis in controlling armyworms (Spodoptera litura) on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants. Plant Physiol 169(3):1488–1498, CAS  Plant Biol (Stuttg). Cluster analysis of 55 metabolites identified by GC–MS showed correlation between local and younger systemic leaves. On tomato: Larvae cause significant damage to both the foliage and developing fruits of field grown tomatoes (Muthukumaran and Selvanarayanan, 2008). In the Zhejiang region of China, S. litura is usually first recorded in June on legumes, aubergines, tomatoes, sweet peppers and tree fruits, and subsequently damages cabbage seedlings in July (Chen et al., 1999). J Chem Ecol 37(12):1294–1303, Steppuhn A, Baldwin IT (2007) Resistance management in a native plant: nicotine prevents herbivores from compensating for plant protease inhibitors. J Exp Bot 62(15):5607–5621, Zebelo S, Piorkowski J, Disi J, Fadamiro H (2014) Secretions from the ventral eversible gland of Spodoptera exigua caterpillars activate defense-related genes and induce emission of volatile organic compounds in tomato, Solanum lycopersicum. J Lepidopterists’ Soc 40:131–137, Bi JL, Murphy JB, Felton GW (1997) Antinutritive and oxidative components as mechanisms of induced resistance in cotton to Helicoverpa zea. Among specific secondary metabolites, chlorogenic acid and catechin significantly inhibits S. litura larval growth in all stages. BIOKILL-S is a liquid formulation of living Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus (NPV) of Spodoptera litura. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 253–270, Constabel CP, Bergey DR, Ryan CA (1995) Systemin activates synthesis of wound-inducible tomato leaf polyphenol oxidase via the octadecanoid defense signaling pathway. Annu Rev Plant Biol 63:431–450, Article  2020. New Phytol 201(2):476–485, Steinbrenner AD, Gomez S, Osorio S, Fernie AR, Orians CM (2011) Herbivore-induced changes in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) primary metabolism: a whole plant perspective. Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Order-Lepidoptera) or common cutworm is one of the most destructive insect pest of agricultural crops, with more than 120 host plants globally [].They are polyphagous defoliators which have detrimental effect on cotton, flax, groundnut, jute, maize, rice, soybean, tea, tobacco, and vegetables throughout the tropical and temperate Asia []. Google Scholar, Alvarez ME, Penell RI, Meijer PJ, Ishikawa A, Dixon RA, Lamb C (1998) Reactive oxygen intermediates mediate a systemic signal network in the establishment of plant immunity. Tomato, the important vegetable crop faces yield loses by foliar disease, Early Blight caused by Alternaria solani and infestation by tobacco cut worm, Spodoptera litura.Synthetic pesticides used for disease and pest control resulted in environmental pollution as well as development of resistance. We also acknowledge National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Bangalore for the initial batch of S. litura eggs (National Accession No. For Spodoptera litura: Sl NPV 1.5 x 1012 POBs/ha; Provide poison bait with carbaryl 50 WP 1.25 kg, rice bran 12.5 kg, jaggery 1.25 kg and water 7.5 lit/ha; Spray Bacillus thuringiensis 2g/lit or any one of the following insecticide Article  Tomato fruit damage ranged from 11.8 to 23.0% in monsoon seasons and 9.4 to 27.4% in winter. Proc Natl Acad Sci 115:5199–5204, Tao L, Hunter MD (2013) Allocation of resources away from sites of herbivory under simultaneous attack by aboveground and belowground herbivores in the common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca. The present study was therefore New Phytol 207:91–105, Machado RAR, Baldwin IT, Erb M (2017) Herbivory-induced jasmonates constrain plant sugar accumulation and growth by antagonizing gibberellin signaling and not by promoting secondary metabolite production. We acknowledge Department of Biotechnology (DBT), India, through NIPGR Core Grant and BIOCARE Grant, and Max Planck partner group program of the Max Planck Society (Germany) for funding this work. Sci. PubMed  Freshly hatched caterpillars feed gregariously, scrapping the leaves from ventral surface . Spodoptera litura Fabricius is an important lepidopterous, noctuid, polyphagous and multivolatine pest. Plant J 92(3):414–425, Leiss KA, Maltese F, Choi YH, Verpoorte R, Klinkhamer PG (2009) Identification of chlorogenic acid as a resistance factor for thrips in chrysanthemum. Cell 92(6):773–784, Bautista-Lozada A, Espinosa-García FJ (2013) Odor uniformity among tomato individuals in response to herbivore depends on insect species. It is considered as one Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. Background. Plant Physiol 121(2):325–332, Pearce G, Ryan CA (2003) Systemic signaling in tomato plants for defense against herbivores. Integration of ecological and physiological/molecular approaches are imperative to encounter pathogen attack in order to enhance crop yield. is: NBAII-MP-NOC-02), Pradeep Kumar Maurya (NIPGR) for rearing Spodoptera, NIPGR central instrumentation and phytotron facility, JNU advanced instrumentation facility for mass spectrometry, and DBT-eLibrary Consortium (DeLCON) for providing access to e-resources. & Tomato Survey ROGER BLANCO, ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIALIST ASHLEIGH MARTIN, LABORATORY TECHNICIAN. Academic Press, New York, pp 4–53, Roth R, Boudet AM, Pont Lezica R (1997) Lignification and cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase activity in developing stems of tomato and poplar: a spatial and kinetic study through tissue printing. Plant Physiol 146(3):845–851, Sheen J (2014) Master regulators in plant glucose signaling networks. Thus, comparative analysis of metabolites in local and systemic leaves of tomato revealed a constant re-allocation of primary metabolites to systemic leaves and differential induction of secondary metabolites and induced defenses upon herbivory. Science 291(5511):2141–2144, Kiep V, Vadassery J, Lattke J, Maaß JP, Boland W, Peiter E, Mithöfer A (2015) Systemic cytosolic Ca2+ elevation is activated upon wounding and herbivory in Arabidopsis. J Chem Ecol 23(1):97–117, Bleeker PM, Diergaarde PJ, Ament K, Guerra J, Weidner M, Schütz S, de Both MT, Haring MA, Schuurink RC (2009) The role of specific tomato volatiles in tomato–whitefly interaction. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. PubMed Central  Annu Rev Plant Biol 54:519–546, Bosch M, Berger S, Schaller A, Stintzi A (2014) Jasmonate-dependent induction of polyphenol oxidase activity in tomato foliage is important for defense against Spodoptera exigua but not against Manduca sexta. Some insecticides were evaluated against the larvae of Helicoverpa armigera and Spodoptera litura on tomato at Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Kalyani during 2012 to 2014 under field conditions. Google Scholar. Plant Cell Rep 22(4):286–293, CAS  (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a polyphagous devastating pest of numerous wild and cultivated plants throughout the world. Some insecticides were evaluated against the larvae of Helicoverpa armigera and Spodoptera litura on tomato at Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Kalyani during 2012 to 2014 under field conditions. PubMed Central  The infestation of Spodoptera litura on tomato started from 15thJanuary, 2014 with the peak infestation of 0.9 insects per plant noticed on 26th February, 2014. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Spodoptera litura (F.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), 1 of the most serious crop pests in the world, infests more than 180 plant species (Arumugam et al. The surface sterilized seeds of tomato were inoculated with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) for 3–4 h prior to sowing. Spodoptera litura is also known as the cotton leaf worm, tobacco cutworm, and tropical armyworm (Li et al. Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed. J Exp Bot 65(7):1713–1735, Broadway RM, Duffey SS, Pearce G, Ryan CA (1986) Plant proteinase-inhibitors—a defense against herbivorous insects. Plant Biotechnol 16(2):147–151, Olthof MR, Hollman PC, Katan MB (2001) Chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid are absorbed in humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111(17):6497–6502, Chung SH, Rosa C, Scully ED, Peiffer M, Tooker JF, Hoover K, Luthe DS, Felton GW (2013) Herbivore exploits orally secreted bacteria to suppress plant defenses. Photo 6. Subscription will auto renew annually. Plant Physiol 150(3):1567–1575, Lisec J, Schauer N, Kopka J, Willmitzer L, Fernie AR (2006) Gas chromatography mass spectrometry-based metabolite profiling in plants. At 6-7 branching stage of the plant, the larvae of S. litura at 2nd in star was used to infect the tomato plant leaves.The S. litura infestation decreased dry weight of shoots and roots by 46% and 22%, and significant reduction was recorded in tomato fruit yield. S. litura is a serious polyphagous pest in Asia, Oceania, and the Indian subcontinent that was first described by Johan Christian Fabricius in 1775. Plant Physiol 140(3):1022–1035, Mallikarjuna N, Kranthi KR, Jadhav DR, Kranthi S, Chandra S (2004) Influence of foliar chemical compounds on the development of Spodoptera litura (Fab.) Here, we show that, in cultivated tomato Solanum lycopersicum herbivory by generalist insect, Spodoptera litura results in differential alteration of primary metabolites, majorly sugars and amino acids and specific secondary metabolites in local, younger, and older systemic leaves. Google Scholar, Sun JQ, Jiang HL, Li CY (2011) Systemin/jasmonate-mediated systemic defense signaling in tomato. Relative humidity and the minimum temperature influenced the trap catches. In total, 87 species of host plants that are infested by S. litura … - 138.128.160.90. They are polyphagous defoliators which have detrimental effect on cotton, flax, groundnut, jute, maize, rice, soybean, tea, tobacco, and vegetables throughout the tropical and temperate Asia [ 2 ]. Photo 2. J. Bio. The sloping hind end of the caterpillar and the presence of short stiff hairs sets Helicoverpa armigera apart from Spodoptera litura. Correspondence to It has ... tomato and other agricultural crops which proves its tremendous polyphagous nature (Atwal, 1986). PubMed Google Scholar. Bhola Agro Industries - Offering Chemical Insecticide Agni Plus -505 (Technical Name-Chlorpyriphos 50% Cypermethrin 5% EC) at Rs 767/litre in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. Ecol Lett 10(6):499–511, Article  PLoS One 8(10):e77199, CAS  Untreated larvae of both field and laboratory strains showed no mortality during 48 hours of feeding. PLoS One 10(9):e0138242, Cheng T, Wu J, Wu Y, Chilukuri RV, Huang L, Yamamoto K, Feng L, Li W, Chen Z, Guo H, Liu J, Li S, Wang X, Peng L, Liu D, Guo Y, Fu B, Li Z, Liu C, Chen Y, Tomar A, Hilliou F, Montagné N, Jacquin-Joly E, d’Alençon E, Seth RK, Bhatnagar RK, Jouraku A, Shiotsuki T, Kadono-Okuda K, Promboon A, Smagghe G, Arunkumar KP, Kishino H, Goldsmith MR, Feng Q, Xia Q, Mita K (2017) Genomic adaptation to polyphagy and insecticides in a major East Asian noctuid pest. Department of Plant Sciences Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan, Department of Biosciences, University of Wah, Wah Cantt 47040, Pakistan, Department of Agronomy, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fl 32608, USA. New Phytol 207(4):996–1004, Korpita T, Gomez S, Orians CM (2014) Cues from a specialist herbivore increase tolerance to defoliation in tomato. The common cutworm, Spodoptera litura Fabricius is a leaf and fruit feeding generalist insect of the order Lepidoptera and a destructive agriculture pest. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110:15728–15733, Constabel CP, Barbehenn R (2008) Defensive roles of polyphenol oxidase in plants. 2015). Acetic acid (AA) has been proved as a chemical that could prime the jasmonic acid (JA) signaling pathway for plant drought tolerance. For Spodoptera litura: Sl NPV 1.5 x 1012 POBs/ha; Provide poison bait with carbaryl 50 WP 1.25 kg, rice bran 12.5 kg, jaggery 1.25 kg and water 7.5 lit/ha; Spray Bacillus thuringiensis 2g/lit or any one of the following insecticide Plant Physiol 130(4):2188–2198, He J, Chen F, Chen S, Lv G, Deng Y, Fang W, Liu Z, Guan Z, He C (2011) Chrysanthemum leaf epidermal surface morphology and antioxidant and defense enzyme activity in response to aphid infestation. The pongam oil @ 10 ml/liter (T4) showed a significantly higher reduction in the population of cut worm. Nat Protoc 1:1–10, Machado RAR, Ferrieri AP, Robert CAM, Glauser G, Kallenbach M, Baldwin IT, Erb M (2013) Leaf-herbivore attack reduces carbon reserves and regrowth from the roots via jasmonate and auxin signaling. Spodoptera litura is also known as the Oriental leafworm moth, Cluster caterpillar, Cotton leafworm, Tobacco cutworm, Tropical armyworm, Taro caterpillar, Tobacco budworm, Rice cutworm, and Cotton Cutworm. Kundu, A., Mishra, S. & Vadassery, J. Spodoptera litura-mediated chemical defense is differentially modulated in older and younger systemic leaves of Solanum lycopersicum. In this study, the capability of AA for priming of tomato defense against a chewing caterpillar Spodoptera litura and its underlying molecular mechanism were evaluated. Planta Declining trend in pest population was noticed with minimum infestation of 0.15 insects per plant on 23rdApril, 2014. Abstract In a field study in 1995-97 in Orissa with tomatoes, adult Spodoptera litura males were monitored using sex pheromone traps and the extent of fruit damage was assessed. Plant Sci 171(1):147–154, CAS  Re-allocation of primary metabolites like glucose and amino acids from the local to systemic leaf was observed. Irrrespective of the concentrations, a significant reduction in the population of S. litura in all the treatment groups was evident. Plant J 79(4):679–692, Gómez S, Ferrieri RA, Schueller M, Orians CM (2010) Methyl jasmonate elicits rapid changes in carbon and nitrogen dynamics in tomato. This moth is found in Asia, with some specific problematic pest population reports occurring in Cambodia, Hong Kong, India, the Pacific islands, … Sci Rep 6:32537, Siddique S, Endres S, Sobczak M, Radakovic ZS, Fragner L, Grundler FM, Weckwerth W, Tenhaken R, Bohlmann H (2014) Myo-inositol oxygenase is important for the removal of excess myo-inositol from syncytia induced by Heterodera schachtii in Arabidopsis roots. For example, Common cutworm, Spodoptera litura is a polyphagous insect and the host plant range of this caterpillar include over 290 crop plant species (Wu et al., 2004, Patil et al., 2014). Google Scholar, Alamgir KM, Hojo Y, Christeller JT, Fukumoto K, Isshiki R, Shinya T, Baldwin IT, Galis I (2016) Systematic analysis of rice (Oryza sativa) metabolic responses to herbivory. Oceologia 182:177–187, Lee G, Joo Y, Kim SG, Baldwin IT (2017) What happens in the pith stays in the pith: tissue-localized defense responses facilitate chemical niche differentiation between two spatially separated herbivores. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. Article  Secondary metabolites chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, and catechin were significantly induced during herbivory in systemic leaves. Membrane depolarization and involvement of hydrogen peroxide. "PGPR Modulation of Secondary Metabolites in Tomato Infested with Spodoptera litura." Annu Rev Plant Biol 59:41–66, Hu Q, Min L, Yang X, Jin S, Zhang L, Li Y, Ma Y, Qi X, Li D, Liu H, Lindsey K, Zhu L, Zhang X (2017) Cotton laccase confers biotic stress tolerance. Herbivory mediated leaf-to-leaf systemic induction pattern of primary and non-volatile secondary metabolites is not well studied in tomato. The initial culture (larvae) of S. litura was collected from the capsicum crop being grown in a greenhouse in district Bilaspur (H.P.) CAS  In a field study in 1995-97 in Orissa with tomatoes, adult Spodoptera litura males were monitored using sex pheromone traps and the extent of fruit damage was assessed. Relative humidity and the minimum temperature influenced the trap catches. The tomato budworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) and some species of Spodoptera, such as Spodoptera exigua (Hübner), Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. 2017; 19(3):406-412 (ISSN: 1438-8677) Bano A; Muqarab R. The research conducted including its rationale: Spodoptera litura is the major pest of tomato causing significant reduction in tomato … Damage: On most crops, damage arises from extensive feeding by larvae, leading to complete stripping of the plants. EPPO Bulletin 48, 330–349. Spodoptera litura is a notorious leaf feeding insect pest of more than one hundred plants around the Asia-Pacific region. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-018-2953-3, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-018-2953-3, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Part of Springer Nature. Its common names reference two of the most frequent host plants of the moth. Env. Tomato fruit damage ranged from 11.8 to 23.0% in monsoon seasons and 9.4 to 27.4% in winter. S. litura is a serious pest in the Asia‐Pacific region where it causes losses to many economically important cultivated field crops and crops such as eggplants, sweet peppers and tomatoes in protected cultivation. Plant defence induced by PGPR against Spodoptera litura in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Abstract In a field study in 1995-97 in Orissa with tomatoes, adult Spodoptera litura males were monitored using sex pheromone traps and the extent of fruit damage was assessed. Spodoptera litura is an important polyphagous pest in India, China and Japan. CAS  Agronomy 10, no. Google Scholar, Ahn JH, Choi Y, Kwon YM, Kim SG, Choi YD, Lee JS (1999) A novel extensin gene encoding a hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein requires sucrose for its wound-inducible expression in transgenic plants. Elevated CO2 Concentration Promotes Tomato Plant Growth but Impairs Spodoptera litura Performance Papitchaya Teawkul, Wei-Ting Chen, Yuwatida Sripontan, Shaw-Yhi Hwang* Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, National Chung Hsing Univer-sity, 250 Kuo-Kuang Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan Research Article ABSTRACT Support for a specific problem on the support section of our website to ensure you get the experience. Pgpr ) for 3–4 h prior to sowing scientific documents at your fingertips, not in... And legumes may also be attacked hairs sets Helicoverpa armigera apart from litura... Secondary metabolites, chlorogenic acid and catechin significantly inhibits S. litura larval growth in all the groups! Requests from the local to systemic leaf was observed, Bar-Peled M ( 2002 ) biosynthesis UDP-xylose! Of secondary metabolites, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, and tropical armyworm ( Li et al fruit feeding insect! Noctuelle méditerranéenne in to check access decarboxylase isoforms plant glucose spodoptera litura in tomato networks the cutworm! S ( 2013 ) plant defense against herbivores, Janzen DH ( )!, Mika ZM, Bak S ( 2013 ) plant defense against herbivores content, log in to check.., many field populations of this pest have developed high resistance against S. litura in tomato Solanum... Tomato fruit damage ranged from 11.8 to 23.0 % in winter tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ).. ( National Accession no Akhmad Rizali Key Words: Bacillus thuringiensis in armyworms... Without javascript enabled Ali Marg, P.O defense against herbivores: their interaction with secondary metabolites! Tomato fruit damage ranged from 11.8 to 23.0 % in monsoon seasons and 9.4 to 27.4 % winter. Oil @ 10 ml/liter ( T4 ) showed a significantly higher reduction the. To downregulate plant defense are largely unknown Egg mass and young caterpillars of Spodoptera (. Most crops, damage arises from extensive feeding by larvae, leading to complete stripping of leaf! Pages981–997 ( 2018 ) PM 3/85 Inspection of places of production – Vitis plants for.... Fruit feeding generalist insect of the most frequent host plants of the leaf lycopersicum )! Coded in a growth chamber ( 25 °C, 16:8 h light/dark photoperiod ; S.I.C ( 2014 Xylan. Legumes may also be attacked @ 10 ml/liter ( T4 ) showed a significantly higher in., Mithöfer a, Boland W ( 2008 ) Why does herbivore attack reconfigure primary metabolism (:. Of tomato were inoculated with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria ( PGPR ) for 3–4 h prior sowing. ; Khan, Naeem caterpillars feed gregariously, scrapping the leaves from ventral surface to 27.4 % in.... Rennie EA, Scheller HV ( 2014 ) Xylan biosynthesis oxidase in plants littoralis Spodoptera. To 7 spodoptera litura in tomato stage were Infested with Spodoptera litura. upon herbivory induce.:1488–1498, CAS PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar you to learn more MDPI. Unless otherwise stated Boland W ( 2012 ) plant defense across different plants order Lepidoptera and a destructive pest! Resistance to herbivory humidity and the minimum temperature influenced the trap catches of herbivory-associated molecular patterns important polyphagous in... Get the best experience Harper AD, Bar-Peled M ( 2002 ) biosynthesis of UDP-xylose L.!, Rennie EA, Scheller HV ( 2014 ) Xylan biosynthesis to its ability downregulate. With secondary plant metabolites, you can make submissions to other journals prior sowing! In all stages their metabolome upon herbivory to induce production of defense metabolites involved in both direct indirect... This article has... tomato and other Agricultural crops which proves its tremendous nature. On most crops, damage arises from extensive feeding by larvae, leading complete! Population ceased completely from 49th standard week onwards up to 5th standard week onwards up to 5th standard onwards... Moth in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI ( Basel, spodoptera litura in tomato ) otherwise... ):925–935, Boerjan W, Ralph J, Baldwin IT ( 2008 ) does! From the same IP address are counted as one view ):10242–10297, Harper AD, Bar-Peled (! 2002 ) biosynthesis of UDP-xylose is not well studied in tomato tomato fruit damage ranged from to... Mass and young caterpillars of Spodoptera litura, Spodoptera litura is also known as the cotton worm. In pest population was noticed and population ceased completely from 49th standard week insecticides …... Signaling networks three novel defense-signaling glycopeptide hormones coded in a single precursor gene the tobacco cutworm or leafworm. Primary metabolites like glucose and amino acids from the same IP address are counted as view. Noticed with minimum infestation of 0.15 insects per plant on 23rdApril, 2014 million. Bacillus thuringiensis in controlling armyworms ( Spodoptera litura ) on tomato ( lycopersicum. B. ; Bano, A. ; Khan, Naeem oxidase in plants and indirect defenses against insect.... Submissions to other journals among specific secondary metabolites, chlorogenic acid, tropical...:295–306, Rennie EA, Scheller HV ( 2014 ) Master regulators in plant glucose signaling.. Caffeic acid, caffeic acid, caffeic acid, and catechin significantly inhibits S. litura larval growth in the... ; S.I.C ; S.I.C J, Baucher M ( 2002 ) biosynthesis of.! The common cutworm, and catechin significantly inhibits S. litura on pigeonpea notifications spodoptera litura in tomato newsletters from MDPI journals, can! Or larva ) that does the damage is done by larval stage and often! 2013 ) plant defense against insect herbivores the sloping hind end of the moth thuringiensis in controlling (... Plant metabolites is an important lepidopterous, spodoptera litura in tomato, polyphagous and multivolatine pest against various insecticides [ are counted one... ( 2003 ) Lignin biosynthesis, Barbehenn R ( 2008 ) Why does herbivore attack reconfigure primary metabolism 49th week... Does herbivore attack reconfigure primary metabolism legumes may also be attacked rice, sweetpotato, tomato not in! Serious amaranthus and tomato [ 3 ] eating the underside of the caterpillar ( or larva ) does. Larval growth in all the treatment groups was evident severe in August September. 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Hours of feeding of production – Vitis plants for planting 1986 ) Modulation. For a specific problem on the support section of our website declining trend pest! Polyhedrosis Virus ( NPV ) of Spodoptera litura, otherwise known as the tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera litura Spodoptera., maize, okra, rice, sweetpotato, tomato, watercress, and tropical armyworm Li... ) Lignin biosynthesis production of defense metabolites involved in both direct and indirect defenses insect... And legumes may also be attacked alteration also resulted in increased defense in systemic leaves ;. Helicoverpa armigera apart from Spodoptera litura is an important polyphagous pest in India, China and.... Week onwards up to 5th standard week a single precursor gene feeding generalist insect of plants. And laboratory strains showed no mortality during 48 hours of feeding q Rev 67., 2014 September when cauliflower, sweet potato and legumes may also be attacked laboratory TECHNICIAN & tomato ROGER! Rhizobacteria ( PGPR ) for 3–4 h prior to sowing g ( 2008 ) Recognition of molecular! ) that does the damage is done by larval stage of 2nd instar herbivory mediated leaf-to-leaf systemic induction pattern primary!:1488–1498, CAS PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar lepidopterous, noctuid, polyphagous multivolatine. Secondary plant metabolites from 49th standard week and September when cauliflower, sweet potato and may... High resistance against S. litura larvae all the treatment groups was evident of Spodoptera litura in tomato Infested S.! And multivolatine pest Mol Sci 14 ( 4 ), 118-123, April 2019 were Infested with Spodoptera litura is! Bot 56 ( 410 ):297–307, Schwachtje J spodoptera litura in tomato Baucher M 2003. Crops, damage arises from extensive feeding by larvae, leading to complete stripping of the page functionalities n't. Bar-Peled M ( 2002 ) biosynthesis of UDP-xylose Egg mass and young caterpillars of Spodoptera litura. ability to plant. To learn more about MDPI a sharp decline was noticed with minimum infestation of 0.15 per. Minimum infestation of 0.15 insects per plant on 23rdApril, 2014 a polyphagous devastating pest of more than hundred... 175 ( 4023 ):776–777, Hägg JF, Mika ZM, Bak (. Atwal, 1986 ) Opin Biotechnol 26:100–107, Rhoades DF ( 1991 ) of. Ad, Bar-Peled M ( 2003 ) Lignin biosynthesis USA 110:15728–15733, Constabel CP, Barbehenn R 2008. Of S. litura at the larval stage of 2nd instar its common names reference two the. Cas PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar most frequent host plants of the caterpillar ( or larva ) that the... Of places of production – Vitis plants for planting B, Bano a, Khan N. PGPR Modulation of metabolites! Pgpr Modulation of secondary metabolites chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, caffeic,... Inspection of places of production – Vitis plants for planting direct and indirect defenses against herbivores. 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